Helium Shell Flash Convection


Astronomy research
  Software Infrastructure:
     My instruments
  White dwarf supernova:
     Stable nickel production
     Remnant metallicities
     Colliding white dwarfs
     Merging white dwarfs
     Ignition conditions
     Metallicity effects
     Central density effects
     Detonation density effects
     Tracer particle burning
     Subsonic burning fronts
     Supersonic burning fronts
     W7 profiles
  Massive star supernova:
     Rotating progenitors
     3D evolution
     26Al & 60Fe
     44Ti, 60Co & 56Ni
     Yields of radionuclides
     Effects of 12C +12C
     SN 1987A light curve
     Constraints on Ni/Fe ratios
     An r-process
  Neutron Stars and Black Holes:
     Black Hole mass spectrum
     Compact object IMF
     He burn on neutron stars
     Variable white dwarfs
     Pop III with JWST
     Neutrino HR diagram
     Monte Carlo massive stars
     Pre-supernova neutrinos
     Pre-supernova variations
     Monte Carlo white dwarfs
     SAGB stars
     Nugrid Yields I
     Classical novae
     He shell convection
     Presolar grains
     BBFH at 40 years
  Chemical Evolution:
     Iron Pseudocarbynes
     Radionuclides in the 2020s
     Hypatia catalog
     Zone models H to Zn
     Mixing ejecta
     γ-rays within 100 Mpc
  Thermodynamics & Networks
     Stellar EOS
     12C(α,γ)16O Rate
     Proton-rich NSE
     Reaction networks
     Bayesian reaction rates
  Verification Problems:
     Validating an astro code
Software instruments
cococubed YouTube
Bicycle adventures
Public Outreach
Education materials
2022 ASU Solar Systems Astronomy
2022 ASU Energy in Everyday Life

AAS Journals
AAS YouTube
2022 Earendel, A Highly Magnified Star
2022 TV Columbae, Micronova
2022 White Dwarfs and 12C(α,γ)16O
2022 MESA VI
2022 MESA in Don't Look Up
2022 MESA Marketplace
2012-2023 MESA Schools
2022 MESA Classroom
2021 Bill Paxton, Tinsley Prize

Contact: F.X.Timmes
my one page vitae,
full vitae,
research statement, and
teaching statement.
Hydrodynamic Simulations of He Shell Flash Convection (2006)

In this article we present the first hydrodynamic, multidimensional simulations of He shell flash convection. We investigate the properties of shell convection immediately before the He luminosity peak during the 15th thermal pulse of a stellar evolution track with initially 2 solar masses and metallicity. This choice is a representative example of a low-mass asymptotic giant branch thermal pulse. We construct the initial vertical stratification with a set of polytropes to resemble the stellar evolution structure. Convection is driven by a constant volume heating in a thin layer at the bottom of the unstable layer.

We calculate a grid of two-dimensional simulations with different resolutions and heating rates, plus one low-resolution three-dimensional run. The flow field is dominated by large convective cells that are centered in the lower half of the convection zone. It generates a rich spectrum of gravity waves in the stable layers both above and beneath the convective shell. The magnitude of the convective velocities from our one-dimensional mixing-length theory model and the rms-averaged vertical velocities from the hydrodynamic model are consistent within a factor of a few. However, the velocity profile in the hydrodynamic simulation is more asymmetric and decays exponentially inside the convection zone. Both g-modes and convective motions cross the formal convective boundaries, which leads to mixing across the boundaries.

Our resolution study shows consistent flow structures among the higher resolution runs, and we see indications for convergence of the vertical velocity profile inside the convection zone for the highest resolution simulations. Many of the convective properties, in particular the exponential decay of the velocities, depend only weakly on the heating rate. However, the amplitudes of the gravity waves increase with both the heating rate and the resolution.

He-shell flash convection
Pressure 1D
Pressure field, fully developed
Entropy field, fully developed
Entropy developing